National Tulip Day is on January 21st and there is a special event in Dam Square, Amsterdam.
From Turkish turban to Amsterdam canal-side house
You’d think you can hardly get anything more Dutch, but the tulip is actually pure Iranian, pure Afghan and pure Kazakh. Nomads brought the colourful flowers to Turkey, where manly sultans started wearing a tulip on their turban. That’s how the flower got its name: ‘tulipan’ means ‘turban’.
COLOURS AND SHAPES
The ever-cheerful tulip comes in white, red, yellow, pink, purple, orange, green or with multi-coloured petals. The shapes of the tulip are also a feast for the eye. You can find them with a single or double row of petals, whilst there are also eye-catching fringed and parrot tulips with serrated petals, and there’s the playful lily-flowered tulip. Peony tulips look like peonies, and French tulips are exceptionally tall (unlike the average French mademoiselle) and have very large flowers
If you gave someone a tulip in the sixteenth century, you were giving them a fortune. At that time the flower was incredibly popular and a speculative trade in tulip bulbs developed. You could buy a whole canal-side house in Amsterdam for the price of one tulip bulb in those days. A nice bunch of tulips now costs just a couple of pounds, but the symbolism has gained in value. If you give someone tulips, you’re also giving them a message. Hence red tulips mean passionate love, and with black tulips you’re saying: ‘I love you so much I will sacrifice everything for you.’ So don’t give those to just anybody.
Tulips can be found growing wild from north Africa and southern Europe across to north-west China. The greatest diversity can be found in three mountain ranges in central Asia: the Pamirs, the Tian Shan and the Hindu Kush. With cold winters, long springs with cold nights and a dry summer, the climate here is ideal for tulips. Tulips need a cold night and a cold winter in order to be able to grow, which is why they can’t be cultivated in a warm climate.
CARING FOR TULIPS
You can enjoy your turban flowers for five to twelve days by following these care tips:
· Select a clean vase that is tall enough: tulips will continue to grow another few centimetres.
· Add cut flower food to the water for a longer vase life.
· Wrap the tulips in the vase in paper or film for an hour first. The tulips will then fill themselves with water and straighten up.
· Use tap water at room temperature.
· Trim the stems diagonally with a clean, sharp knife or secateurs.
· Place the vase in a cool spot out of the sun and away from the fruit bowl.
· Tulips are heavy drinkers, so top the vase up with tap water regularly.